HBSE Class 10 English Question Paper 2019 Answer Key

HBSE Class 10 English Question Paper 2019 Answer Key 

HBSE Class 10 English Previous Year Question Paper with Answer. HBSE Board Solved Question Paper Class 10 English 2019. HBSE 10th Question Paper Download 2019. HBSE Class 10 English Paper Solution 2019. Haryana Board Class 10th English Question Paper 2019 Pdf Download with Answer. 


(Unseen Comprehension) 

(1) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :  

AIIMS admitted 150 patients with alcohol – related liver failure from 2011 to 2015. Of this, the study said, 96 died within 10 days despite all possible medical intervention. 

Follow – up of the rest of the patients who were discharged when their condition got stable revealed that nearly 20% died within three to four months and another 20% in a year. 

“Once you have got acute-on chronic liver failure due to alcohol, survival is rare. Transplant, the only life-saving treatment option, is not possible immediately because three months of abstinence from alcohol is required”, said Dr. Shalimar, associate professor of gastroenterology at AIIMS. 

There is no medicine for alcoholism. “Abstinence is the only way to prevent liver failure and deaths caused by that. The government needs to create awareness to prevent excessive drinking.” 

A recent survey published in Global Heart, a reputed medical journal, showed alcohol use has gone up from 16.1% to 25.6% among urban dwellers in Delhi in the past 20 years. The increase in alcohol use in rural areas in the corresponding period is nearly four times – from 8% to 33.2% – the survey found. 

“We admitted 427 patients with acute – on chronic liver failure from 2011 to 2015 at the hospital. Of this, a maximum 150 (40.8%) cases were alcohol-related, followed by hepatitis B virus infection (71, 19.3%), hepatitis E (45, 12.2%), autoimmune hepatitis flare – up (17, 4.6%), antituberculosis drugs (16, 4.3%) and hepatitis A(2, 0.5%). In 67 patients (18.2%), the cause of acute liver failure couldn’t be ascertained”, he said. 

The AIIMS doctor added alcohol-related liver failure cases have poorer prognosis. “Most of them required ventilator supports, their blood was thinner and brain damage was higher  too”, he added. Dr. S. K. Sarin, director of the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), said most alcoholics are calorie – deprived. “Most infections cause leaky bowel. But in case of alcoholics, this problem is severe. Due to this, bacteria easily get into liver from the small intestine, thus aggravating organ failure status, he added. 

He, however, stressed the need to create awareness about harmful effects of binge drinking. 

Questions :     

(i) What happens to the patients who go to AIIMS with alcohol – related liver failure ? 

Ans. Do not survive. Death rate is 64%. 


(ii) What is the best treatment for patients suffering from acute on chronic liver failure due to alcohol ? 

Ans. Liver-transplant.


(iii) What is the best way to prevent liver failure and death due to alcohol ? 

Ans. Abstinence/Refrainment from alcohol.


(iv) In which areas of India is the use of alcohol increasing more rapidly ? 

Ans. In the rural areas of India.


(v) What is the effect of binge drinking ? 

Ans. Many harmful effects as well as liver failure.


                                             OR                                        Trees give shade for the benefit of others, while they themselves stand in the sun and endure the scorching heat; they produce the fruit by which others profit. The character of a good man is like that of trees. What is the use of this perishable body, if it is not used for the benefit of the mankind ? Sandalwood – the more it is rubbed, the more scent does it yield. Sugarcane – the more it is peeled and cut into pieces, the more juice does it produce. Gold – the more it is burnt, the more brightly it shines. The men who are noble at heart do not lose their qualities even by losing their lives. What matters whether men praise them or not ? What difference does it make whether riches abide with them or not ? What does it signify whether they die at this moment or whether their lives are prolonged ? Happen what may, those who tread in the right path will not set foot in any other. Life itself is unprofitable to a man who does not live for others. To live for the mere sake of living one’s life is to live the life of dogs or crows. Those who lay down their lives for the sake of humanity will assuredly live forever in the world of bliss.     

Questions  :    

(i) What do trees do for us ?  

Ans. Trees give us shade and fruits.


(ii) Why is a good man compared with gold ? 

Ans. Gold shines more brightly when put in fire. A good man also shines more brightly after passing through the difficulties of life.


(iii) What lessons do trees teach us ? 

Ans. We should live for others.


(iv) What makes life profitable for a person ? 

Ans. Life becomes profitable by living it for others.


(v) What should be the ideals of a good man ? 

Ans. A good man should live for others and do his duty honestly.




(4) Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub – part : 

(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :  

(i) We ………. (wait) for the school bus at the moment. 

Ans. are waiting


(ii) We ………. (go) for a walk after the rain had stopped. 

Ans. went


(iii) It ……… (rain) when you reach home. 

Ans. will be raining 


(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary : 

(i) The more you earn ……… more you spend. (a/an/the/×). 

Ans. the


(ii) He did not speak ……….. word in selfdefence. (a/an/the/×). 

Ans. a


(iii) I saw ……….. one-rupee note lying on the ground. (a/an/the/×). 

Ans. a


(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech : 

(i) He said to me, “Why does your uncle not help you ?” 

Ans. He asked me why my uncle did not help me.


(ii) I said to her, “Let us sit in the shade.”

Ans. I proposed to her that we should sit in the shade.


(iii) He said, “What a beautiful sight !” 

Ans. He exclaimed with joy that it was a very beautiful right.


(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in brackets : 

(i) …………. that I were a bird !  (Must/Should/Would). 

Ans. Would


(ii) We ……… practise virtue. (must/may/might) 

Ans. must


(iii) ………… she have good health ! (Might/Would/May) 

Ans. May


(e) Fill in the blanks with correct form of verbs (Gerund or Infinitive) given in the brackets : 

(i) She was fined for ……….. late.  (come/to come/coming)  

Ans. coming


(ii) He did nothing but ………. (laugh). 

Ans. laugh


(iii) He was too drunk ……….. (drive) home. 

Ans.  to drive


(f) Punctuate the following sentences : 

(i) gitanjali was composed by tagore 

Ans. ‘Gitanjali’ was composed by Tagore.


(ii) I said, may our Teacher live long 

Ans. I said, “May our teacher live long !” 


(iii) god save me from such friends 

Ans. God save me from such friends !



[A : Prose Text (First Flight)] 

(5) Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages : 

(a) The policy of apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in my country and my people. All of us will spend many years, if not generations, recovering from that profound hurt. But the decades of oppression and brutality had another, unintended, effect, and that was that it produced the Oliver Tambos, the Walter Sisulus, the chief Luthulis, the Yusuf Dadoos, the Bram Fischers, the Robert Sobukwes of our time –– men of such extraordinary courage, wisdom and generosity that their like may never be known again. Perhaps it requires such depths of oppression to create such heights of character. My country is rich in the minerals and gems that lie beneath its soil, but I have always known that its greatest wealth is its people, finer and truer than the purest diamonds. 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter. 

Ans. Nelson Mandela : Long walk to Freedom


(ii) What is the greatest wealth of the narrator’s country ? 

Ans. Its courageous people.


(iii) What does the author say about the great men mentioned in this passage ? 

Ans. He says that they are all men of courage and wisdom.


(iv) What did the policy of apartheid create ? 

Ans. It created a deep and lasting wound in the people of South Africa.


(v) Find out a word similar in meaning to ‘deep’. 

Ans. Profound


(b) Peggy was the most popular girl in school. She was pretty, she had many pretty clothes and her hair was curly. Maddie was her closest friend. The reason Peggy and Maddie noticed Wanda’s absence was because Wanda had made them late to school. They had waited and waited for Wanda, to have some fun with her, and she just hadn’t come. 

They often waited for Wanda Petronski –– to have fun with her. 

Wanda Petronski. Most of the children in Room Thirteen didn’t have names like that. They had names easy to say, like Thomas, Smith or Allen. There was one boy named Bounce, Willie Bounce, and people thought that was funny, but not funny in the same way that Petronski was. 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter.  

Ans. ‘The Hundred Dresses – I’


(ii) Who was Maddie’s closest friend ? 

Ans. Peggy


(iii) Why did most of the children not like Wanda’s name ? 

Ans. As Petronski was hard to speak and it was quite funny also.


(iv) Why had Peggy and Maddie waited for Wanda ? 

Ans. To have fun with her.


(v) Find out a word from the passage similar in meaning to ‘famous’. 

Ans. Popular


(c) But you can see from the documents, honoured Natalya Stepanovna. Oxen Meadows, it’s true, were once the subject of dispute, but now everybody knows that they are mine. There’s nothing to argue about. You see my aunt’s grandmother gave the free use of these Meadows in perpetuity to the peasants of your father’s grandfather, in return for which they were to make bricks for her. The peasants belonging to your father’s grandfather had the free use of the Meadows for forty years, and had got into the habit of regarding them as their own, when it happened that ….. 

Questions  :   

(i) What documents does Lomov offer to show Natalya ? 

Ans. He wants to show her the documents relating to the Oxen Meadows.


(ii) For how many years did the peasants have the free use of the Meadows ? 

Ans. For forty years.


(iii) What for did Lomov’s aunt’s grandmother give the Oxen Meadows to Natalya’s father’s grandfather ? 

Ans. He gave the Meadows in lieu of their making bricks for Lomov’s aunts grandmother.


(iv) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘The proposal’


(v) Which word in the passage means ‘in continuation’ ? 

Ans. In perpetuity


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