HBSE Class 11 Physics Question Paper 2021 Answer Key

HBSE Class 11 Physics Question Paper 2021 Answer Key 

HBSE Class 11 Physics Previous Year Question Paper with Answer. HBSE Board Solved Question Paper Class 11 Physics 2021. HBSE 11th Question Paper Download 2021. HBSE Class 11 Physics Paper Solution 2021. Haryana Board Class 11th Physics Question Paper 2021 Pdf Download with Answer. 



Objective Type Questions 

Q1. Which of the following is not Fundamental Unit ? 

(A) Ampere 

(B) Second  

(C) Mole 

(D) Watt 

Ans. (D) Watt

There are 7 Fundamental Unit – 

Length – meter (m)

Time – second (s)

Amount of substance – mole (mole) 

Electric current – ampere (A)

Temperature – kelvin (K)

Luminous intensity – candela (cd)

Mass – kilogram (kg)


Q2. There is an error of 2% in the measurement of side of a cube. The percentage error in the calculation of its volume of the sphere will be :  

(A) 1% 

(B) 2%  

(C) 3% 

(D) 6% 

Ans. (D) 6% 

Error Formula,  3Δr/r = 3 × 2% = 6% 


Q3. The dimensional formula [MLT-¹] represents :  

(A) Force 

(B) Torque  

(C) Power  

(D) Momentum 

Ans. (D) Momentum

Force = ma = M¹L¹T-² 

Torque = Fs = M¹L²T-² 

Power = Fv = M¹L²T-³ 

Momentum = mv = M¹L¹T-¹ 


Q4. A particle completes semicircular path of radius r. The ratio of distance travelled and displacements of particle will be : 

(A) π/4 

(B) π/2 

(C) 3π/4 

(D) π 

Ans. (B) π/2 

Semicircle,  2πr/2 = πr 

πr/2r = π/2 or π : 2


Q5. The distance travelled by a particle is directly proportional to the square of the time taken, the acceleration of the particle is : 

(A) Increasing 

(B) Decreasing  

(C) Zero 

(D) Constant 

Ans. (D) Constant 

distance ∝ t² 

distance,  s = kt² 

velocity,  v = ds/dt = d(kt²)/dt = 2kt 

acceleration,  a = dv/dt = d(2kt)/dt = 2k = constant 


Q6. A body of mass m is moving on a circle of radius r with uniform speed v. The centripetal force on body is :   

(A) mv²/r 

(B) mvr  

(C) mv/r

(D) mv/r² 

Ans. (A) mv²/r 


Q7. Which of the following is scalar quantity ?  

(A) Distance 

(B) Displacement 

(C) Force 

(D) Acceleration 

Ans. (A) Distance


Q8. Two objects A and B of masses 2 kg and 10 kg respectively are moving with same velocity. The ratio of their momentum will be :  

(A) 1 : 1 

(B) 1 : 5  

(C) 5 : 1 

(D) 1 : 25 

Ans. (B) 1 : 5  

Momentum = P = mv 

P1/P2 = m1v/m2v = 2/10 = 1/5 or 1 : 5 


Q9. Which friction is maximum ?

(A) Static Friction 

(B) Limiting Friction 

(C) Kinetic Friction 

(D) None 

Ans. (B) Limiting Friction


Q10. Friction force is : 

(A) a conservative force  

(B) pseudo force 

(C) a non-conservative force 

(D) centripetal force 

Ans. (C) a non-conservative force 


Q11. In perfect inelastic collision :  

(A) Both Momentum and K. E. are conserved  

(B) Both Momentum and Kinetic Energy are not conserved  

(C) Momentum is conserved  and Kinetic Energy is not conserved  

(D) Momentum is not conserved and Kinetic Energy is conserved 

Ans. (C) Momentum is conserved  and Kinetic Energy is not conserved  


Q12. If mass M and radius of solid sphere is R, then moment of Inertia about diameter is :  

(A) 2/3 MR²

(B) 2/5 MR² 

(C) 3/5 MR² 

(D) 7/5 MR² 

Ans. (B) 2/5 MR² 


Q13. The linear velocity v of a body rotating about an axis with angular velocity ω, then : 

(A) v = rα 

(B) v = rω

(C) ω = vr 

(D) r = vω 

Ans. (B) v = rω


Q14. A body enters in the gravitational field of the earth from external atmosphere. The potential energy of the Earth-body system : 

(A) will increase  

(B) will decrease 

(C) will remain unchanged  

(D) None of the above 

Ans. (B) will decrease 


Q15. The value of Young’s Modulus of Elasticity for a perfectly rigid body is : 

(A) Zero 

(B) infinite 

(C) 1 

(D) 100 

Ans. (B) infinite 


Q16. If a process takes place in a system at a constant volume, the process is known as : 

(A) isochoric  

(B) isothermal 

(C) Adiabatic  

(D) isobaric 

Ans. (A) isochoric


Q17. The mean kinetic energy of a molecule of any gas at absolute temperature T is proportional to :  

(A) 1/T

(B) √T

(C) T 

(D) T² 

Ans. (C) T 


Q18. The time period of a particle executing simple harmonic motion is : 

(A) T = 2π √Displacement/Acceleration 

(B) T = 2π √g/Displacement 

(C) T = 2π √Velocity/Displacement 

(D) T = 2π √g × Displacement 

Ans. (A) T = 2π √Displacement/Acceleration 


Q19. ……….. is defined as the mass of a Platinum-Iridium cylinder kept in Paris. 

Ans. Kilogram


Q20. The angles of projection for which a projectile covers the same horizontal range, are 30° and ……….. 

Ans. 90°-30° = 60° 


Q21. By using Ball Bearings, sliding friction can be converted into ………… friction. 

Ans. Rolling 


Q22. The ……….. of a body is defined as its capacity of doing work. 

Ans. Energy 


Q23. In the universe each particle of matter attracts every other particle. This universal attractive force is called …………. 

Ans. Gravitation


Q24. The angle inside the liquid between the tangent to the solid surface and the tangent to the liquid surface at the point of contact is called ………….. for that pair of solid and liquid. 

Ans. Angle of Contact 


Q25. …………. of work is equivalent to 1 calorie of heat.

Ans. 4.18 Joule 


Q26. The number of degrees of freedom of a molecule of a monoatomic gas is ………. 

Ans. Degree of freedom = 3N – R = 3(1) – 0 = 3 


Q27. When a body being acted by an external periodic force, vibrates with the frequency of the force, then the vibrations of the body are called ………….. 

Ans. Forced Vibrations 


Q28. If a vector A is multiplied by a scalar m, what will be the resultant vector ? 

Ans. mA (:. A means →Vector A) 


Q29. What is relation between coefficient of static friction and the angle of friction ? 

Ans. μ = tanθ 


Q30. What is unit of work in C. G. S. system ? 

Ans. Erg 


Q31. Write down the formula for work done in rotatory motion. 

Ans. w = iθ  


Q32. What is time period of Geo-stationary Satellite ? 

Ans. 24 hours 


Q33. Write relation between coefficient of linear expansion (α) and coefficient of volume expansion (r) of a solid material.

Ans. α = r/3 or r = 3α 


Q34. When 100 Joule of heat is given to a gaseous system, then internal energy increases by 30 Joule. Find the work done by the system. 

Ans. 70 Joule 


Q35. The equation of a simple harmonic motion is y = 5 sin 200t. Give value of amplitude of oscillation. 

Ans. A = 5 


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