HBSE Class 10th English Solved Question Paper 2019

HBSE Class 10th English Solved Question Paper 2019

HBSE Class 10 English Previous Year Question Paper with Answer. HBSE Board Solved Question Paper Class 10 English 2019. HBSE 10th Question Paper Download 2019. HBSE Class 10 English Paper Solution 2019. Haryana Board Class 10th English Question Paper 2019 Pdf Download with Answer. 



SET-A 

(Unseen Comprehension) 

(1) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :  

AIIMS admitted 150 patients with alcohol – related liver failure from 2011 to 2015. Of this, the study said, 96 died within 10 days despite all possible medical intervention. 

Follow – up of the rest of the patients who were discharged when their condition got stable revealed that nearly 20% died within three to four months and another 20% in a year. 

“Once you have got acute-on chronic liver failure due to alcohol, survival is rare. Transplant, the only life-saving treatment option, is not possible immediately because three months of abstinence from alcohol is required”, said Dr. Shalimar, associate professor of gastroenterology at AIIMS. 

There is no medicine for alcoholism. “Abstinence is the only way to prevent liver failure and deaths caused by that. The government needs to create awareness to prevent excessive drinking.” 

A recent survey published in Global Heart, a reputed medical journal, showed alcohol use has gone up from 16.1% to 25.6% among urban dwellers in Delhi in the past 20 years. The increase in alcohol use in rural areas in the corresponding period is nearly four times – from 8% to 33.2% – the survey found. 

“We admitted 427 patients with acute – on chronic liver failure from 2011 to 2015 at the hospital. Of this, a maximum 150 (40.8%) cases were alcohol-related, followed by hepatitis B virus infection (71, 19.3%), hepatitis E (45, 12.2%), autoimmune hepatitis flare – up (17, 4.6%), antituberculosis drugs (16, 4.3%) and hepatitis A(2, 0.5%). In 67 patients (18.2%), the cause of acute liver failure couldn’t be ascertained”, he said. 

The AIIMS doctor added alcohol-related liver failure cases have poorer prognosis. “Most of them required ventilator supports, their blood was thinner and brain damage was higher  too”, he added. Dr. S. K. Sarin, director of the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), said most alcoholics are calorie – deprived. “Most infections cause leaky bowel. But in case of alcoholics, this problem is severe. Due to this, bacteria easily get into liver from the small intestine, thus aggravating organ failure status, he added. 

He, however, stressed the need to create awareness about harmful effects of binge drinking. 

Questions :     

(i) What happens to the patients who go to AIIMS with alcohol – related liver failure ? 

Ans. Do not survive. Death rate is 64%. 


(ii) What is the best treatment for patients suffering from acute on chronic liver failure due to alcohol ? 

Ans. Liver-transplant. 


(iii) What is the best way to prevent liver failure and death due to alcohol ? 

Ans. Abstinence/Refrainment from alcohol.  


(iv) In which areas of India is the use of alcohol increasing more rapidly ? 

Ans. In the rural areas of India. 


(v) What is the effect of binge drinking ? 

Ans. Many harmful effects as well as liver failure. 


                                             OR                                        Trees give shade for the benefit of others, while they themselves stand in the sun and endure the scorching heat; they produce the fruit by which others profit. The character of a good man is like that of trees. What is the use of this perishable body, if it is not used for the benefit of the mankind ? Sandalwood – the more it is rubbed, the more scent does it yield. Sugarcane – the more it is peeled and cut into pieces, the more juice does it produce. Gold – the more it is burnt, the more brightly it shines. The men who are noble at heart do not lose their qualities even by losing their lives. What matters whether men praise them or not ? What difference does it make whether riches abide with them or not ? What does it signify whether they die at this moment or whether their lives are prolonged ? Happen what may, those who tread in the right path will not set foot in any other. Life itself is unprofitable to a man who does not live for others. To live for the mere sake of living one’s life is to live the life of dogs or crows. Those who lay down their lives for the sake of humanity will assuredly live forever in the world of bliss.     

Questions  :    

(i) What do trees do for us ?  

Ans. Trees give us shade and fruits. 


(ii) Why is a good man compared with gold ? 

Ans. Gold shines more brightly when put in fire. A good man also shines more brightly after passing through the difficulties of life. 


(iii) What lessons do trees teach us ? 

Ans. We should live for others. 


(iv) What makes life profitable for a person ? 

Ans. Life becomes profitable by living it for others. 


(v) What should be the ideals of a good man ? 

Ans. A good man should live for others and do his duty honestly. 



(Grammar) 

(4) Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub – part : 

(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :  

(i) We ………. (wait) for the school bus at the moment. 

Ans. are waiting


(ii) We ………. (go) for a walk after the rain had stopped. 

Ans. went


(iii) It ……… (rain) when you reach home. 

Ans. will be raining 

   

(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary : 

(i) The more you earn ……… more you spend. (a/an/the/×). 

Ans. the


(ii) He did not speak ……….. word in selfdefence. (a/an/the/×). 

Ans. a 


(iii) I saw ……….. one-rupee note lying on the ground. (a/an/the/×). 

Ans. 

      

(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech : 

(i) He said to me, “Why does your uncle not help you ?” 

Ans. He asked me why my uncle did not help me. 


(ii) I said to her, “Let us sit in the shade.”

Ans. I proposed to her that we should sit in the shade. 


(iii) He said, “What a beautiful sight !” 

Ans. He exclaimed with joy that it was a very beautiful right.


(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in brackets : 

(i) …………. that I were a bird !  (Must/Should/Would). 

Ans. Would


(ii) We ……… practise virtue. (must/may/might) 

Ans. must


(iii) ………… she have good health ! (Might/Would/May) 

Ans. May

      

(e) Fill in the blanks with correct form of verbs (Gerund or Infinitive) given in the brackets : 

(i) She was fined for ……….. late.  (come/to come/coming)  

Ans. coming


(ii) He did nothing but ………. (laugh). 

Ans. laugh


(iii) He was too drunk ……….. (drive) home. 

Ans.  to drive

      

(f) Punctuate the following sentences : 

(i) gitanjali was composed by tagore 

Ans. ‘Gitanjali’ was composed by Tagore. 


(ii) I said, may our Teacher live long 

Ans. I said, “May our teacher live long !” 


(iii) god save me from such friends 

Ans. God save me from such friends ! 



[A : Prose Text (First Flight)] 

(5) Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages : 

(a) The policy of apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in my country and my people. All of us will spend many years, if not generations, recovering from that profound hurt. But the decades of oppression and brutality had another, unintended, effect, and that was that it produced the Oliver Tambos, the Walter Sisulus, the chief Luthulis, the Yusuf Dadoos, the Bram Fischers, the Robert Sobukwes of our time –– men of such extraordinary courage, wisdom and generosity that their like may never be known again. Perhaps it requires such depths of oppression to create such heights of character. My country is rich in the minerals and gems that lie beneath its soil, but I have always known that its greatest wealth is its people, finer and truer than the purest diamonds. 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter. 

Ans. Nelson Mandela : Long walk to Freedom 


(ii) What is the greatest wealth of the narrator’s country ? 

Ans. Its courageous people. 


(iii) What does the author say about the great men mentioned in this passage ? 

Ans. He says that they are all men of courage and wisdom. 


(iv) What did the policy of apartheid create ? 

Ans. It created a deep and lasting wound in the people of South Africa. 


(v) Find out a word similar in meaning to ‘deep’. 

Ans. Profound 


(b) Peggy was the most popular girl in school. She was pretty, she had many pretty clothes and her hair was curly. Maddie was her closest friend. The reason Peggy and Maddie noticed Wanda’s absence was because Wanda had made them late to school. They had waited and waited for Wanda, to have some fun with her, and she just hadn’t come. 

They often waited for Wanda Petronski –– to have fun with her. 

Wanda Petronski. Most of the children in Room Thirteen didn’t have names like that. They had names easy to say, like Thomas, Smith or Allen. There was one boy named Bounce, Willie Bounce, and people thought that was funny, but not funny in the same way that Petronski was. 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter.  

Ans. ‘The Hundred Dresses – I’  


(ii) Who was Maddie’s closest friend ? 

Ans. Peggy 


(iii) Why did most of the children not like Wanda’s name ? 

Ans. As Petronski was hard to speak and it was quite funny also.  


(iv) Why had Peggy and Maddie waited for Wanda ? 

Ans. To have fun with her. 


(v) Find out a word from the passage similar in meaning to ‘famous’. 

Ans. Popular 


(c) But you can see from the documents, honoured Natalya Stepanovna. Oxen Meadows, it’s true, were once the subject of dispute, but now everybody knows that they are mine. There’s nothing to argue about. You see my aunt’s grandmother gave the free use of these Meadows in perpetuity to the peasants of your father’s grandfather, in return for which they were to make bricks for her. The peasants belonging to your father’s grandfather had the free use of the Meadows for forty years, and had got into the habit of regarding them as their own, when it happened that ….. 

Questions  :   

(i) What documents does Lomov offer to show Natalya ? 

Ans. He wants to show her the documents relating to the Oxen Meadows. 


(ii) For how many years did the peasants have the free use of the Meadows ? 

Ans. For forty years. 


(iii) What for did Lomov’s aunt’s grandmother give the Oxen Meadows to Natalya’s father’s grandfather ? 

Ans. He gave the Meadows in lieu of their making bricks for Lomov’s aunts grandmother. 


(iv) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘The proposal’ 


(v) Which word in the passage means ‘in continuation’ ? 

Ans. In perpetuity



[B : Poetry (First Flight)] 

(8) Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow :    

But if it had to perish twice,   

I think I know enough of hate   

To say that for destruction ice   

Is also great   

And would suffice.               

Questions :   

(i) Name the poet.  

Ans. ‘Fire and Ice’ 


(ii) What does ‘it’ indicate here ?  

Ans. Here ‘it’ indicates the world. 


(iii) Why does the poet compare hate to ice ?  

Ans. As both are destructive. 


(iv) What is ice a symbol of ?  

Ans. Hatred 


(v) What is the rhyme scheme of the stanza ? 

Ans. ab ab a 


                                           OR                                          

They do not sweat and whine about their      condition,   

They do not lie awake in the dark and weep for their sins,   

They do not make me sick discussing their duty to God, 

Questions  :    

(i) Name the poem. 

Ans. ‘Animals’ 


(ii) What does ‘they’ refer to ? 

Ans. Animals


(iii) Who lie awake in the dark and weep for their sins ? 

Ans. People 


(iv) What is the attitude of the animals for their sins ? 

Ans. They do not weep for their sins 


(v) Which word in the stanza means ‘complain’ ?

Ans. Whine 



(Supplementary Reader) 

(13) Answer any three of the following :  

(i) When Tricki was seriously ill, whom did Mrs. Pumphrey make a frantic call ? 

Ans. Mr. Herriot 


(ii) How many times did Horace Danby make a theft in a year ? 

Ans. Only Once 


(iii) Which book did Ebright’s mother give him to ? 

Ans. Travels of Monarch X 


(iv) Who was Lakshmi ? 

Ans. Bholi’s cow 



SET-B 

(Unseen Comprehension) 

(1) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :  

Polythene shopping bags and wrappers are potential threat to urban environment. Once you have discarded them after use, you do not lose your link with them. They return to you in a variety of ways, though you do not realize it. For example, they choke your drains and provide breeding facilities to deadly germs. A recent study has shown that about 250 tonnes of plastic wastes come out of various colonies of major cities alone every day. This disrupts the sewer system, the essential arteries of city life. These plastic wastes choke the land mass and clog the pores of the wetlands. 

Unfortunately, even the villages and small towns are not free from this danger. Millions of people returning to their hometowns everyday carry their shopping in colourful bags. This pleases their family and children, who after preserving them for a time, dispose them in wells, rivers, tanks and drains. Many throw them off into the fields. They do it with a sense of pride, to show off. When their neighbours see that their men from the cities regularly bring them those good things of life, they are impressed. 

In Delhi, the worst offenders are the upper – income groups of the so – called posh colonies. Though educated, the residents of these affluent areas are unaware of the damage done by the plastic bags. Nearly a million children in Delhi schools carry their lunch boxes in plastic bags. They callously throw them away and cause unhealthy environment. 

Questions :     

(i) When do  we throw away our polythene shopping bags ? 

Ans. We throw a way our polythene shopping bags after use. 


(ii) What are the essential arteries of city life ? 

Ans. The sewer system. 


(iii) What do the villagers want to convey to their neighbours by throwing the plastic bags into the fields ? 

Ans. They want to show off the things they get from their city people, and thus impress their neighbours. 


(iv) How do the school children pollute the environment ? 

Ans. They pollute the environment by throwing away the plastic bags in which they have brought their lunch boxes. 


(v) Which word in the passage means ‘thrown away’ ? 

Ans. Discarded 


                                           OR                                       

Drug addiction is a major social evil of modern times. It has transcended all barriers of caste, colour, creed and sex. It is a problem that is eating into the vitals of society. In the beginning, a person takes a drug out of curiosity. There are some who take drugs simply for the thrill it gives them. The tragedy is that once a person gets used to taking any kind of intoxicating drug it becomes addiction. His body develops dependence on the drug. He has to steadily increase the dose. Even if at any point of his life, he realizes his folly, it becomes extremely difficult for him to give up drugs. It is like being in the clutches of a monster. It is pathetic to see a drug addict, when he does not get his usual dose. His whole body writhes in pain which drives him to madness. Besides, taking drugs is expensive. Therefore, it drives drug addicts to stealing, committing petty crimes and other antisocial activities. It is not surprising that drug addicts become antisocial elements. Drugs completely destroy their mental faculties to think clearly and to rationalize.  

Questions  :    

(i) What harm is the evil of drug addiction doing to our society ? 

Ans. It is eating into the vitals of our society. 


(ii) Why does a person take drugs in the beginning ? 

Ans. In the beginning a person takes drugs simply out of curiosity or for the thrill he gets from them. 


(iii) When does drug-taking become addiction ? 

Ans. Drug-taking becomes an addiction when a person gets used to taking a particular kind of intoxicating drug. 


(iv) What happens when a drug addict does not get his usual dose ? 

Ans. His whole body writher in pain which drives him to madness. 


(v) Which word in the passage means ‘to stop’ or ‘quit’ ? 

Ans. Give up



(Grammar) 

(4) Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub-part :  

(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :  

(i) Irregular work ……… (not bring) success. 

Ans. does not bring 


(ii) If I ………. (have) a dictionary of my own, I would not bother you. 

Ans. had 


(iii) By the end of this month I ………. (learn) driving for two months. 

Ans. shall have been learning


(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary : 

(i) By ………. united effort we may achieve success.  (a/an/the/×) 

Ans. a


(ii) My son will be old enough to go to ……….. school next year.  (a/an/the/×) 

Ans. x


(iii) This is ………….. first time I have asked for help.  (a/an/the/×) 

Ans. the 


(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech :   

(i) Mother said to me, “Go and wash your hand.”   

Ans. Mother advised me to go and wash my hands. 


(ii) The teacher said to the boys, “May you pass in the first division !”   

Ans. The teacher wished that they might pass in the first division. 


(iii) He said to me, “Who taught me English ?”  

Ans. He asked me who had taught him English. 


(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in the brackets :   

(i) ……….. your future  be bright !   (Would/May/Might)   

Ans. May


(ii) Radha ………… play harmonium well.  (will/shall/can)   

Ans. can


(iii) I …………. study day and night in my student life.  (can/would/used to)  

Ans. used to

      

(e) Combine the sentences using a noun clause in each case :    

(i) I said something. I am sorry for it.   

Ans. I am sorry for what I said. 


(ii) What does the teacher say ? Listen to it.   

Ans. Listen to what the teacher says. 


(iii) The principal was coming. The whole class knew it.  

Ans. The whole class knew that the principal was coming. 

      

(f) Fill in the blanks with correct form of verbs (Gerund or Infinitive) given in the brackets :   

(i) Could you ……… me please ?  (help/to help/helping)   

Ans. help


(ii) He was happy ………. (see) me.   

Ans. to see


(iii) It is no use ………. (cry) over spilt milk. 

Ans. crying 



[A : Prose Text (First Flight)] 

(5) Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages : 

(a) He turned his aeroplane slowly to the north, in front of my Dakota, so that it would be easier for me to follow him. I was very happy to go behind the strange aeroplane like an obedient child. After half an hour the strange black aeroplane was still there in front of me in the clouds. Now there was only enough fuel in the old Dakota’s last tank to fly for five or ten minutes more. I was starting to feel frightened again. But then he started to go down and I followed through the storm. 

Questions  :   

(i) In which direction did the other aeroplane take a turn ? 

Ans. The other aeroplane took a turn in the north direction. 


(ii) What was easier for the Dakota aeroplane’s pilot ? 

Ans. It was easier for the Dakota aeroplane’s pilot to follow the black aeroplane. 


(iii) How much fuel was left with him ? 

Ans. It was just enough to fly for five or ten minutes more. 


(iv) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘The Black Aeroplane’ 


(v) Find from the passage the opposite of ‘insufficient’. 

Ans. Enough


(b) They were writing a letter to Wanda Petronski. It was just a friendly letter telling about the contest and telling Wanda she had won. They told her how pretty her drawings were. And they asked her if she liked where she was living and if she liked her new teacher. They had meant to say they were sorry, but it ended up with their just writing a friendly letter, the kind they would have written to any good friend, and they signed it with lots of X’s for love. They mailed the letter to Boggins Heights, writing ‘Please Forward’ on the envelope. 

Days passed and there was no answer. But the letter did not come back, so may be Wanda had received it. Perhaps she was so hurt and angry she was not going to answer. You could not blame her. 

Questions  :   

(i) What did they write about in the letter ? 

Ans. In the letter they wrote about the contest and her victory. 


(ii) What did they mean to say by their letter ?

Ans. They wanted to say sorry to her by their letter. 


(iii)  What did they write to Wanda about her drawings ? 

Ans. They wrote to her saying that her drawings were pretty. 


(iv) Why did they write ‘Please Forward’ on the letter ? 

Ans. They knew that Wanda had left Boggins Heights. So they wanted the letter to be forwarded by the post office. 


(v) Find out a word from the passage similar in meaning to ‘Censure’. 

Ans. Blame 


(c) Poor Kisa Gotami now went from house to house, and the people pitied her and said, “Here is mustard – seed; take it !” But when she asked, “Did a son or daughter, a father or mother, die in your family ?” They answered her, “Alas ! the living are few, but the dead are many. Do not remind us of our deepest grief.” And there was no house but some beloved one had died in it. 

Kisa Gotami became weary and hopeless, and sat down at the wayside watching the lights of the city, as they flickered up and were extinguished again. At last the darkness of the night reigned everywhere. And she considered the fate of men, that their lives flicker up and are extinguished again. And she thought to herself, “How selfish am I in my grief ! Death is common to all; yet in this valley of desolation there is a path that leads him to immortality who has surrendered all selfishness.” 

Questions  :   

(i) What did Kisa Gotami ask the villagers ? 

Ans. Kisa Gotami asked the villagers if they had lost a loved one in their family. 


(ii) What reply did Kisa Gotami get ?

Ans. The villagers answered sorrowfully that the living were few but the dead were many. 


(iii)  What happened to Kisa Gotami in the end ? 

Ans. She sat down at the way side as she became tired and hopeless. 


(iv) What did Kisa Gotami realize in the end ? 

Ans. Kisa Gotami realized that death is inevitable. 


(v) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘The Sermon at Benares’



[B : Poetry (First Flight)]  

(8) Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow :  

If strolling forth, a beast you view, 

Whose hide with spots is peppered, 

As soon as he has lept on you, 

You’ll know it is the Leopard. 

‘Twill do no good to roar with pain, 

He’ll only lep and lep again.             

Questions :    

(i) Name the poem. 

Ans. ‘How to Tell Wild Animals’  


(ii) How can you recognize the leopard ? 

Ans. The leopard can be recognized by its spots on the skin. 


(iii) What will the leopard do if we cry with pain ? 

Ans. The leopard will leap at us again and again. 


(iv) What is the rhyme – scheme in the stanza ? 

Ans. ab ab cc 


(v) What is the meaning of the word ‘Walking’ in the stanza ? 

Ans. Strolling 


                                             OR                                        

“I heard an old religious man 

But yesternight declare 

That he had found a text to prove 

That only God, my dear, 

Could love you for yourself alone 

And not your yellow hair.” 

Questions  :    

(i) Name the poem. 

Ans. ‘For Anne Gregory’ 


(ii) What did the religious man find ? 

Ans. The religious man found a scripture. 


(iii) Who can love us for ourselves ? 

Ans. Only God can love us for ourselves. 


(iv) Find a word in the stanza rhyming with ‘declare’. 

Ans. hair 


(v) Find a word in the stanza which means the same as ‘book’. 

Ans. Text 



(Supplementary Reader) 

(13) Answer any three of the following :  

(i) How old was Anil ?  

Ans. 25 years 


(ii) After making a theft in the shop of a theatrical company where did Griffin decide to go ? 

Ans. Iping village 


(iii) Where did the hack driver take the narrator first of all ? 

Ans. Fritz’s shop 


(iv) Who was the ruler of Mars ? 

Ans. Think-Tank 



SET-C 

(Unseen Comprehension) 

(1) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :  

Junk food is a term describing food that is perceived to be unhealthy or having poor nutritional value, according to Food Standard Agency. The term is believed to have been coined by Michael Jacobson, Director of the Centre for Science in the public interest, in 1972. The term has since become common usage. 

Junk food typically contains high level of fat, salt or sugar and numerous food additives such as monosodium glutamate and tartrazine; at the same time it is lacking in proteins, vitamins and fibre, among others. It is popular with suppliers because it is relatively cheap to manufacture, has a long shelf life and may not require refrigeration. It is popular with and has lots of consumers because it is easy to purchase, requires little or no preparation, convenient to consume and lots of flavours. Consumption of junk food is associated with obesity, heart disease, Type 2 Diabetes and dental cavities. There is also concern about the targeting of the marketing at children. 

What constitutes a junk food may be confusing and according to critics, includes elements of class snobbery and moral judgement. For example, fast food such as hamburgers and French fries supplied by companies such as McDonald’s KFC and Pizza Hut are often perceived as junk foods whereas same meals supplied by more upmarket outlets such as Pizza Express or Nando’s are not despite often having the same or worse nutritional content. Other food such as Foie Gras, roast potatoes and bread are not considered junk food despite having limited nutritional content. Similarly, breakfast cereals are often regarded as  healthy but may have high level of sugar, salt and fat. Many critics believe that junk food is not harmful when consumed as part of a balanced diet and some believe that the term should not be used at all. 

Questions :     

(i) How is junk food perceived ?  

Ans. Junk food is perceived to be unhealthy or having poor nutritional value. 


(ii) What does junk food typically contain ? 

Ans. Typically junk food contains high levels of fat, salt, sugar and numerous other additives. At the same time it lacks in proteins, vitamins and fibre. 


(iii) With what is junk food associated ? 

Ans. Junk food is associated with obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and dental cavities. 


(iv) When, according to many critics, is junk food not harmful ? 

Ans. Junk food is not harmful when consumed as part of a balanced diet. 


(v) Find out a word in the passage which is similar in meaning to ‘seen’. 

Ans. Perceived 


                                           OR                                         

A young man was getting ready to graduate from college. For many months he had admired a beautiful sports car in a dealer’s showroom. Knowing his father could well afford it, he told him all that he wanted. As Graduation Day approached, the young man awaited signs that his father had purchased the car. Finally, on the morning of his graduation, his father called him into his private study. His father told him how proud he was to have such a fine son, and told him how much he loved him. He handed his son a beautiful wrapped gift box. Curious but somewhat disappointed, the young man opened the box and found a lovely, leather-bound Bible with the young man’s name embossed in gold. Having been angry, he raised his voice to his father and said, “with all your money, you give me a Bible ?” and stormed out of the house, leaving the Bible. 

Many years passed and the young man was very successful in business. He had beautiful home and wonderful family.  He realized that his father was very old, and hence he should have gone to him. He had not seen him since the graduation day. Before he could make arrangements, he received a telegram telling him his father had passed away, and willed all of his possessions to his son. He needed to come home immediately and take care of things. 

When he arrived at his father’s house, sudden sadness and reverence filled his heart. He began to search through his father’s important papers and saw the still new Bible, just as he had left it years ago. With tears he opened the Bible and began to turn the pages. And as he did, a car key dropped from the back of the Bible. It had a tag with the dealer’s name, the same dealer who had the sports car he had desired. On the tag was the date of his graduation, and the words ‘PAID IN FULL’. 

How many times do we miss spirit’s blessings and answers to our prayers because they do not arrive exactly as we have expected ? 

Questions  :    

(i) What did the young man want from his father ? 

Ans. The young man wanted a beautiful car from his father. 


(ii) Why did his father call the young man in his private study ? 

Ans. His father called the young man in his private study to show his love and concern and to hand over a wrapped gift box. 


(iii) What was the reaction of the young man to see the present ? 

Ans. The young man was disappointed and angry to see the present. 


(iv) After many years, what did the young man realize ? 

Ans. The young man realized that his father was old and he should have gone to meet him. 


(v) Find word from the passage which means ‘raised design’. 

Ans. Embossed



(Grammar)   

(4) Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub-part :  

(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :    

(i) He always ………… (find) fault with others.   

Ans. finds 


(ii) I wish I ……….. (work) harder.   

Ans. had worked 


(iii) It ………. (rain) heavily for a week and the dam was flooded.  

Ans. had been raining

       

(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary :   

(i) ……….. wise should be sober.  (a/an/the/×)   

Ans. The


(ii) ………. wisdom is better than wealth.  (a/an/the/×) 

Ans. x

(iii) He has ……….. ulcer on his mouth.  (a/an/the/×)  

Ans. an

      

(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech :   

(i) He said, “Light travels in a straight line.”   

Ans. He said that light travels in a straight line. 


(ii) Ramesh said to me, “My book is better than yours.”   

Ans. Ramesh told me that his book was better than mine. 


(iii) He said, “Farewell, my comrades !” 

Ans. He bade farewell to his comrades. 


(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in the brackets :  

(i) You ………… give him a lift. He has his own car. (shouldn’t/mustn’t/needn’t) 

Ans. needn’t


(ii) He has burnt midnight oil. He ………… win a scholarship. (will/would/ought to) 

Ans. ought to 


(iii) We ……….. try to speak correct English. (may/shall/should) 

Ans. should 

      

(e) Fill in the blanks with correct form of verbs (Gerund or Infinitive) given in the brackets : 

(i) ………… English quickly is not an easy thing.  (learn/to learn/learning) 

Ans. Learning


(ii) Let him ………. (go) now. 

Ans. go


(iii) His aim was ………. (get) a gold medal. 

Ans. to get 

      

(f) Combine the sentences using a relative clause in each case : 

(i) This is Miss Deepika. I talked to you about her. 

Ans. This is Miss Deepika about whom I talked to you. 


(ii) The woman is begging. Her husband is dead. 

Ans. The woman whose husband is dead is begging. 


(iii) That is the painting. It was praised by everyone. 

Ans. That is the painting which was praised by everyone. 



[A : Prose Text (First Flight)] 

(5) Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages : 

(a) ‘Paper has more patience than people’. I thought of this saying on one of those days when I was feeling a little depressed and was sitting at home with my chin in my hands, bored and listless, wondering whether to stay in or go out. I finally stayed where I was, brooding : Yes, paper does have more patience, and since I’m not planning to let anyone else read this stiffbacked notebook grandly referred to as a ‘diary’, unless I should ever find a real friend, it probably won’t make a bit of difference.  

Now I’m back to the point that prompted me to keep a diary in the first place : I don’t have a friend. 

Let me put it more clearly, since no one will believe that a thirteen-year-old girl is completely alone in the world. And I’m not. I have loving parents and a sixteen – year – old sister, and there are about thirty people I can call friends. I have a family, loving aunts and a good home. No, on the surface I seem to have everything, except my one true friend. 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘From the Diary of Anne Frank’ 


(ii) What saying did she think about ? 

Ans. Paper has more patience than people. 


(iii) How does she refer to the diary ? 

Ans. She refers to the diary as ‘stiff-backed notebook’. 

 

(iv) Why did Anne feel herself alone even after having thirty people around her ?

Ans. As she could not share her personal feelings with anyone. 


(v) Find out a word from the passage similar in meaning to ‘Calm’. 

Ans. Patience


(b) Not enough can be said to show how important a baker can be for a village. The lady of the house must prepare sandwiches on the occasion of her daughter’s engagement. Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals. Thus, the presence of the baker’s furnace in the village is absolutely essential. 

The baker or bread-seller of those days had a peculiar dress known as the Kabai. It was a single – piece long frock reaching down to the knees. In our childhood we saw bakers wearing a shirt and trousers which were shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants. Even today, anyone who wears a half pant which reaches just below the knees invites the comment that he is dressed like a pader ! 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘A Baker from Goa’ 


(ii) On which occasion must the lady of the house prepare sandwiches ? 

Ans. On the occasion of her daughter’s engagement the lady of the house must prepare sandwiches. 


(iii) What is a must for Christmas ? 

Ans. Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas. 


(iv) When is one said to be dressed like a pader ? 

Ans. When someone wears a half pant that reaches just below the knees, he is said to be dressed like a pader. 


(v) Find a word opposite in meaning to ‘partially’. 

Ans. Absolutely 


(c) Sometimes the bus seemed on the point of gobbling up another vehicle that was coming towards them or a pedestrian crossing the road. But lo ! somehow it passed on smoothly, leaving all obstacles safely behind. Trees came running towards them but then stopped as the bus reached them and simply stood there helpless for a moment by the side of the road before rushing away in the other direction. 

Suddenly Valli clapped her hands with glee. A young cow, tail high in the air, was running very fast, right in the middle of the road, right in front of the bus. The bus slowed to a crawl, and the driver sounded his horn loudly again and again. But the more he honked, the more frightened the animal became and the faster it galloped –always right in front of the bus.  

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘Madam Rides the Bus’ 


(ii) What did the bus seem on the point of gobbling up ? 

Ans. The bus seemed on the point of gobbling up another vehicle that was coming towards it or a pedestrian crossing the road. 


(iii) Why did Valli clap her hands with glee ? 

Ans. Valli clapped her hands with glee on seeing a cow on the road. 


(iv) Why did the driver sound the horn again and again ? 

Ans. The driver sounded the horn again and again to make the cow in front of the bus run away. 


(v) Find a word from the passage similar in meaning of ‘gobbling up.’ 

Ans. Swallowing



[B : Poetry (First Flight)]  

(8) Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow :  

Some say the world will end in fire 

Some say in ice. 

From what I’ve tasted of desire 

I hold with those who favour fire.               

Questions :    

(i) Name the poem. 

Ans. ‘Fire and Ice’ 


(ii) What is ‘fire’ a symbol of ? 

Ans. ‘Fire’ is a symbol of lust and endless desires. 


(iii) What is ‘ice’ a symbol of ? 

Ans. ‘Ice’ is a symbol of hatred. 


(iv) Why does the poet hold with those who favour fire ? 

Ans. The poet holds with those who favour fire because the lust for material things is increasing fastly. 


(v) What is the rhyme scheme of this stanza ? 

Ans. ab, aa 

                                              OR                                        “Never shall a young man, 

Thrown into despair 

By those great honey – coloured 

Ramparts at your ear, 

Love you for yourself alone 

And not your yellow hair.”               

Questions  :    

(i) Name the poem. 

Ans. ‘For Anne Gregory’ 


(ii) What is the colour of the woman’s hair ? 

Ans. The colour of the woman’s hair is yellow. 


(iii) What will the man love her for ? 

Ans. The man will love her for her physical beauty. 


(iv) What feature of the woman has put the young man into despair ? 

Ans. The portion of hair behind the woman’s ear has put the young man into despair. 


(v) Find a word from the stanza which means ‘defensive wall of a fort’.  

Ans. Ramparts



(Supplementary Reader)

(13) Answer any three of the following :  

(i) What was Tricki’s real disease ? 

Ans. Vomiting due to over-feeding. 


(ii) Who were following the muddy footprints ? 

Ans. Two boys 


(iii) Which theory is discovered by Ebright ? 

Ans. How cells work 


(iv) How much time did the Loisels take to repay the loan ? 

Ans. Ten years 



SET-D 

(Unseen Comprehension) 

(1) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :  

Just by the use of colours you can balance your diet. All you need to do is to pay a little attention to the food you eat. Nutrition experts strongly recommend adding colours to your diet. Sweets and candy bars are generally colourful, but remember they do not contain natural colours and hence are not healthy. The key solution is a variety of naturally coloured foods. The deeper the colour, the greater the benefits. Getting more colours in your diet doesn’t mean you have to drastically change your current eating habits. 

Have a glass of 100% juice in the morning. Keep a mix of dried fruits on hand for a quick snack. Grab an apple or banana on your way out. Include at least two vegetables in your dinner. Get into the habit of starting your dinner with a salad. Eat fruit for dessert. Always add greens to sandwiches. 

Most red fruits and vegetables contain an antioxidant, which offers protection against ultraviolet rays and Cancer and helps to prevent urinary tract infections and diseases related to the circulatory system. Green vegetables not only look great but also possess excellent antioxidant properties that protect your eyes by keeping the retina in good condition and reduce the risk of cancerous tumours. Orange and yellow group contain beta – carotene, an antioxidant that improves cell communication and thereby helps to stop the spread of cancer. Blue and purple group not only adds an element of tranquility and richness to your plate, but also has an influence on the pineal gland (the third eye) and the nervous system. White group contains sulphur compounds that protect DNA and also contain flavonoids, the antioxidants that protect cell membranes. 

Therefore, the more colourful your diet is (all natural colours, of course), the better equipped your immune system is to cope with diseases. 

Questions :     

(i) Why are sweets and candy bars not healthy ?  

Ans. Sweets and candy bars do not contain natural colours so they are not healthy. 


(ii) How do antioxidants help us ? 

Ans. Antioxidants help us to protect against ultraviolet rays and cancer. 


(iii) How do green vegetables help us ? 

Ans. Green vegetables help us to keep the retina in good condition and reduce the risk of cancerous tumours. 


(iv) What improves our immune system to cope with diseases ? 

Ans. Colourful diet improves our immune system to cope with the diseases. 


(v) Find word from the passage which means ‘greatly’. 

Ans. Drastically 

 

                                           OR                                         

It is widely acknowledged that education contributes significantly to economic development. The developed world understood much earlier the fact that individuals with proper education have an edge over their noneducated or half – educated counterparts. In terms of literacy, India’s achievements as compared to several Asian countries are disappointing. According to economists, the poor performance of India on the literacy field has affected the country’s economic development. 

 India has launched an ambitious project, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, to provide primary education to all children. One of the major aims of the government has been to reduce the large number of drop-outs from the schools because it affects the economic development. 

 Various studies by different economists have shown that investment in education promotes economic growth. In any field, illiterate workers are unskilled and untrained; their general health is very poor. Literacy as well as education can create more productive labour force having enhanced knowledge and skills which ultimately tend to boost productivity both quantitatively and qualitatively. 

Literacy among common people is also necessary for political stability in any country. Literacy increases the thinking power and understanding of the good or bad. When the people are literate, they can easily see through the cunningness of corrupt political leaders, thereby lessening the possibility of their being shortchanged by the latter. Furthermore, educated folks tend to show a greater tendency towards fruitfully associating themselves with the establishment. With the increased participation rate of both men and women in local self-governance institutions, people can avail the opportunity to improve their local economic factors such as roads, electricity, etc. 

Questions  :    

(i) What is the widely acknowledge fact about education ? 

Ans. It is the widely acknowledged fact that education contributes significantly to economic development. 


(ii) What did the developed world understand about the importance of education ? 

Ans. The developed world understood that individuals with proper education have an edge over their non-educated or half- educated counterparts. 


(iii) What is the ambitious project launched by our government ? 

Ans. ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’ is the ambitious project launched by our government. 


(iv) How does investment in education promote growth ? 

Ans. Education can create more productive labour force having enhanced knowledge and skills which ultimately boost productivity. 


(v) Find word from the passage which means ‘accepted’. 

Ans. Acknowledged 



(Grammar) 

(4) Attempt any twelve sentences, choosing two from each sub-part :  

(a) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets :  

(i) No one besides the nurse ……….. (know) this secret. 

Ans. knows 


(ii) There ………… (be) no leaf on the trees. 

Ans. is


(iii) At this time tomorrow, I ……….. (travel) in a train. 

Ans. shall be travelling

      

(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles given in the brackets, wherever necessary : 

(i) The proposal was accepted by ……… unanimous vote.  (a/an/the/×) 

Ans. a 


(ii) The English introduced ………… English as a medium of education in India.  (a/an/the/×)

Ans. x 


(iii) He is ……….. M. P.  (a/an/the/×) 

Ans. an

     

(c) Rewrite the following sentences in Indirect Speech : 

(i) Priyanka said, “Mine is the best school.” 

Ans. Priyanka said that hers is the best school. 


(ii) The mother said to Ritu, “Do not waste your time.” 

Ans. The mother advised Ritu not to waste her time. 

 

(iii) My friend said, “Alas! My new pen has lost.” 

Ans. My friend exclaimed with sorrow that his/her new pen had lost. 

            

(d) Fill in the blanks with modals given in the brackets :  

(i) …………. we go to see a movie today ?  (Will/Would/Shall) 

Ans. Shall


(ii) I go to school so that I ……….. become a great man.  (can/may/might) 

Ans. may


(iii) Before marriage, he ……….. drink a lot. (would/could/used to) 

Ans. used to

      

(e)Fill in the blanks with correct form of verbs (Gerund or Infinitive) given in the brackets : 

(i) You had better ……….. (stay/to stay/ staying) here. 

Ans. stay

(ii) This cloth is easy ………. (wash).

Ans.  to wash


(iii) She is fond of ……… (make) stories.

Ans. making

      

(f) Punctuate the following sentences : 

(i) he said to me why do you want so much money 

Ans. He said to me, “Why do you want so much money ?” 


(ii) she has done her ma in English 

Ans. She has done her M. A. in English. 


(iii) did mohan and kamala go to the park with their father and mother 

Ans. Did Mohan and Kamla go to the park with their father and mother ? 



[A : Prose Text (First Flight)]  

(5) Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow. Do any two passages : 

(a) But suddenly a strong wind began to blow and alongwith the rain very large hailstones began to fall. These truly did resemble new silver coins. The boys, exposing themselves to the rain, ran out to collect the frozen pearls. 

“It’s really getting bad now”, exclaimed the man. “I hope it passes quickly.” It did not pass quickly. For an hour the hail rained on the house, the garden, the hillside, the corn field, on the whole valley. The field was white, as if covered with salt. 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘A Letter to God’ 


(ii) What did the hailstones look like ? 

Ans. The hailstones looked like new silver coins. 


(iii) What happened all at once ? 

Ans. Suddenly, a strong wind began to blow and along with the rain very large hailstones began to fall. 


(iv) What did Lencho hope for ? 

Ans. He hoped for the hail to stop soon. 


(v) Find a word from the passage similar in meaning to ‘frozen pearls’. 

Ans. Hailstones 


(b) Finally Wanda would move up the street, her eyes dull and her mouth closed, hitching her left shoulder every now and then in the funny way she had, finishing the walk to school alone. 

Peggy was not really cruel. She protected small children from bullies. And she cried for hours if she saw an animal mistreated. If anybody had said to her, “Don’t you think that is a cruel way to treat Wanda ?” She would have been very surprised. Cruel ? Why did the girl say she had a hundred dresses ? Anybody could tell that was a lie. Why did she want to lie ? And she wasn’t just an ordinary person, else why did she have a name like that ? Anyway, they never made her cry. 

As for Maddie, this business for asking Wanda every day how many dresses and how many hats, and how many this and that she had was bothering her. 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘The Hundred Dresses-I’ 


(ii) Who protected small children from bullies ? 

Ans. Peggy always protected small children from bullies. 


(iii) What was bothering Maddie ? 

Ans. The business of asking so many questions about Wanda’s dresses, shoes, this and that was bothering Maddie. 


(iv) What did Peggy think was clearly a lie ? 

Ans. Wanda said that she had a hundred dresses in her closet. To Peggy, it was clearly a lie. 


(v) Find out a word from the passage which means ‘those who use their strength to frighten weaker people’. 

Ans. Bullies 


(c) There were squawks and shrieks, and a woman stood up on her seat screaming out, “A rat! A rat!” I caught sight of Mij’s tail disappearing beneath the legs of a portly white-turbaned Indian. Diving for it, I missed, but found my face covered in curry. “Perhaps”, said the air hostess with the most charming smile, “It would be better if you resumed your seat, and I will find the animal and bring it to you.”  

I returned to my seat. I was craning my neck trying to follow the hunt when suddenly I heard from my feet a distressed chitter of recognition and welcome, and Mij bounded on to my knee and began to nuzzle my face and my neck. 

Questions  :   

(i) Name the chapter. 

Ans. ‘Mijbil the Otter’  


(ii) What did Mij begin to do on his face and neck ? 

Ans. Mij began to nuzzle his face and neck. 


(iii) How did the woman in the aircraft react on seeing the otter ? 

Ans. The woman stood up on her seat and screamed out ‘A rat ! A rat !’. 


(iv) What happened when the author dived for the otter ? 

Ans. His face was covered with curry. 


(v) Find out a word from the passage similar in meaning to ‘fat’. 

Ans. Portly 



[B : Poetry (First Flight)]  

(8) Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow :  

I am an orphan, roaming the street. 

I pattern soft dust with my hushed, bare feet. 

The silence is golden, the freedom is sweet.            

Questions :    

(i) Name the poem. 

Ans. ‘Amanda!’ 


(ii) What does the speaker say about silence and freedom ?  

Ans. The speaker says that silence is golden and freedom is sweet. 


(iii) What does Amanda imagine herself to be ? 

Ans. Amanda imagines herself to be an orphan.  


(iv) How does the speaker make designs ? 

Ans. The speaker makes designs with her bare feet on the soft dust. 


(v) Find out a word from the stanza, similar in meaning to ‘wandering’. 

Ans. Roaming 


                                              OR                                 

Not one is dissatisfied, not one is demented with the mania of owning things, 

Not one kneels to another, nor to his kind that lived thousands of years ago, 

Not one is respectable or unhappy over the whole earth. 

Questions  :    

(i) Name the poem.  

Ans. ‘Animals’ 


(ii) What is unique in the animal world ? 

Ans. It is unique in the animal world that no one is respectable or unhappy. 


(iii) What is the attitude of the poet about animals ? 

Ans. No animal has to bow to another of its kind. All animals are equal and remain satisfied. 


(iv) Who is unhappy over the whole earth ? 

Ans. Human beings are unhappy over the whole earth. 


(v) Find out a word from the stanza similar in meaning to ‘obsession’. 

Ans. Mania 



(Supplementary Reader)

(13) Answer any three of the following :  

(i) Who knocked at Ausable’s door ? 

Ans. The waiter 


(ii) Where was the safe in the room ? 

Ans. Behind a cheap painting 


(iii) What was the actual cost of Mme. Forestier’s necklace ? 

Ans. Five hundred francs 


(iv) What did Bishamber demand as dowry ? 

Ans. Five thousand rupees 


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