HBSE 12th English Solved Sample Paper 2023

HBSE 12th English Solved Sample Paper 2023 

 

 

(Reading Skills) 

1. Read the following passage and answer the questions :                                             

Maharana Pratap ruled Mewar alone for 25 years. However, he achieved such greatness during his reign that his glory transcended the borders of countries and time making him an immortal personality. He along with his kingdom became synonymous with courage, sacrifice and patriotism. Mewar had been a leading Rajput kingdom even before Maharana Pratap took the throne. The kings of Mewar, with the cooperation of their nobles and subjects, had established traditions in the kingdom that added to its magnificence despite the obstacles of having a smaller area under their rule and less population. There were a few thorny occasions where the kingdom flag seemed to slide down. His flag flew high in the sky again, thanks to the bravery and brilliance of the people of Mewar. 

Mewar’s fate was good in the sense that, apart from a few kings, most of the rulers were competent and patriotic. This glorious tradition of the kingdom almost continued for 1500 years since its establishment, from the reign of Bappa Rawal. In fact, just 60 years before Maharana Pratap, Rana Sanga brought the kingdom to the height of fame. His reputation went beyond Rajasthan and he reached Delhi. Two generations before him, Rana Kumbha had given the kingdom a new stature through victories and development work. During his reign, literature and art also made tremendous progress. Rana himself was inclined to writing and his works are read with reverence even today. The atmosphere of his kingdom was conducive to the creation of highquality works of art and literature. These achievements were the result of a long tradition sustained by several generations. 

The lives of the Mewar people must have been peaceful and prosperous for a long period of time; otherwise such an extraordinary achievement in these fields would not have been possible. This is reflected in his art and literature, as well as his loving nature. They make up for the lack of an admirable physique by his firm but pleasant nature. The atmosphere of Mewar remains charming thanks to the cheerful and liberal character of its people. 

Questions :   

(i) Difficulties in the way of Mewar were : 

      (a) lack of cooperation the nobility 

      (b) ancient traditions of the kingdom 

      (c) its small area and small population 

      (d) the poverty of the subjects 

      

(ii) Maharana Pratap became immortal because : 

      (a) he ruled Mewar for 25 years 

      (b) he added a lot of grandeur to Mewar 

      (c) of his valour, sacrifice and patriotism 

      (d) both (a) and (b)

 

(iii) During thorny occasions : 

      (a) the flag of Mewar seemed to be lowered 

      (b) the flag of Mewar was hoisted high 

      (c) the people of Mewar showed gallantry 

      (d) most of the rulers heaved a sigh of relief 

      

(iv) Mewar was lucky because : 

      (a) all of its rulers were competent 

      (b) most of its people were competent 

      (c) most of its rulers were competent 

      (d) only a few of its people were incompetent 

      

                                              OR                           

The suspense ended when my high school results finally came out. But I was upset. I hadn’t done as well as I’d hoped. My father tried to comfort me. “Why are you worried? You’ve done very well, my dear.” “No, I haven’t, Baba,” I protested, fighting my tears and wondering if I had let him down. What did I get when I finished high school?” I looked at Baba’s face and waited for the answer to his own question. “You know,” he said. “I never told you this. I only have a third division. did quite well.” Baba got a third division! I was almost in shock, but the thought of having done so much better made me realize that I had no reason to complain. I certainly felt better! “Everything is under control said Baba, smiling. That was his favorite phrase. Posted in Calcutta, my father was then a senior civil servant in the Indian Railway Service and an expert in freight traffic operations. Railways When he retired in 1981, he was general manager of Central Railways. When Baba passed away in November 2000, his name had also found a place in many hearts. He was open, easy to get to know and full of life. We were very close, but I had a lot more to learn about him than a lot of things I came to know after his death. 

In September 2000, he was in the hospital for cancer treatment and had only two months to live. When he found out, his reaction was extremely rational. He asked me to find files in his closet so he could explain the details of my mother’s pension. He also dictated her will from his hospital bed. “It’s all under control!” After Baba’s death, Satish, our former family servant, was heartbroken. We try to cheer him up. “Your Baba had scolded me only once in all these years!” he yelled . Satish pointed to the watch on his left hand. “He was late for work and everyone in the family was complaining,” Satish said. “Then one day your Baba gave me this watch and said, ‘Now that you have a watch, you can’t be late.’” That was the scolding Satish received. On the fourth day after Baba’s death, my sister and I had to perform a ceremony. As several relatives were expected, we decided to order lunch from a caterer in our town, famous for its homemade food. But, when we went to pay the owner, we got a surprise. He refused to accept money! “When I wanted to start my catering business, it was your father who lent me money,” he told us. It seems that Baba never asked him. Now, after four or five years, the catering company wanted to pay off that debt. Of course we made him accept full payment for the excellent food and service. ‘It was Baba’s gift and must remain so,’ I told him. 

A few days later, there was more information as we prepared for the main ceremony. Vikram, my brother took me to the local market. Recognizing our car, the parking attendant, in his twenties, came running up to us and asked why he hadn’t seen his owner in a long time. We had to break the news to him and to our surprise he started crying. We were really surprised by this reaction from a stranger, until the man told us that Baba used to pay his daughter’s school fees and buy her books. Apparently, it was on my father’s advice that he even started sending the boy to school. More than three years after Baba’s death, while going through Baba’s personal belongings, we found an old file with Baba’s certificates and found among them, his high school diploma from 1937, the one he had told me some 30 years before. , about the third division that had not made any difference in his life or career. 

He had made me see beyond mere grades and first classes as the main path to success. But there was one more fact. In fact, Baba had achieved a first division, a rare achievement in his time. Today, years after his passing, when I think of Baba, I see a man who was able to sympathize with others so easily and touch their lives in such a special way. 

Questions : 

(i) Why was the narrator in tears when her school results came out? 

      (a) She did better than she expected. 

      (b) She did not do as expected. 

      (c) Her Baba had not done well. 

      (d) Her Baba had done better than her. 

      

(ii) On knowing the result, how did the narrator’s father react? 

      (a) He scolded her. 

      (b) He beat her. 

      (c) He consoled her. 

      (d) He made fun of her. 

      

(iii) Why did the narrator say that she had nothing to complain? 

      (a) She had done better than her father. 

      (b) She had done as well as her father. 

      (c) She had topped in her school. 

      (d) She had not worked hard at all. 

      

(iv) Choose the option that is not correct. 

      (a) Baba was a senior official in the Indian Railway Service. 

      (b) Baba was to become a director with the Railway Board. 

      (c) Baba was the general manager of the Central Railways. 

      (d) Baba had got a third division in high school 

 

2. Read the following passage carefullyand make notes on it using headings and sub headings. Supply an appropriate title also.                           

The small village of Somnathpur contains an extraordinary temple, built around 1268 A.D. by the Hoyasalas of Karnataka – one of the most prolific temple builders. Belur and Halebid are among their better-known works. ‘While these suffered during the invasions of the 14th century, the Somnathpur temple stands more or less intact in near-original condition. This small temple captivates the beauty and vitality of its detailed sculpture, covering almost every inch of the walls, pillars, and even ceilings. It has three shikharas and stands on a star-shaped, raised platform with 24 edges. 

The outer walls have a profusion of detailed carvings: the entire surface run over by carved plaques of stone. There were vertical panels covered by exquisite figures of gods and goddesses with many incarnations being depicted. There were nymphs too, some carrying an ear of maize – a symbol of plenty and prosperity. 

The elaborate ornamentation, the very characteristic of Hoysala sculptures, was a remarkable feature. On closer look – and it is worth it – the series of friezes on the outer walls revealed intricately carved caparisoned (covered decorative cloth) elephants, charging horsemen, stylized flowers, warriors, musicians, crocodiles and swans. The temple was actually commissioned by Soma Dandanayaka or Somnath (he named the village after himself), the minister of the Hoysala king, Narasimha, the third. 

The temple was built to house three versions of Krishna. The inner center of the temple was the Kalyana Mandapa. Leading from here ‘were three corridors each ending in a shrine, one for each kind of Krishna – Venugopala, Janardana, and Prasanna Keshava, though only two remain in their original form. In the, darkness of the sanctum sanctorum, I tried to discern the different images. The temple’s sculptural perfection is amazing and it includes the doors of the temple and the three elegantly carved towers. 

              Title : Temple of Somnathpur 

Notes : 

A. Prominent temples at Somnathpur : 

A.1 built around 1268 A.D. 

A.2 built by Hoyasalas

A.3 built by most prolific temple-builders 

      A.3.1 Belur and Helebid 

      A.3.2 suffered during the invasions of 14th century     

B. Temple : the beauty and vitality :      

B.1 detailed sculpture – covering walls, pillars, ceilings 

B.2 three Shikharas – stands star-shaped, raised platform 24 edges 

B.3 the outer walls – detailed carvings 

B.4 the entire surface – carved plaques of stone 

B.5 vertical planes covered by exq. Fig. (exquisite Figures) of gods and goddesses 

C. Characteristics of Hoyasalas sculptures : 

C.1 the series of friezes on the outer walls 

C.2 revealed intricately carved caparisoned elephants 

C.3 charging horsemen 

C.4 stylized flowers 

C.5 warriors, musicians, crocodiles and swans 

D. Temple in the History : 

D.1 actually comm. Soma Dandanayaka or somnath 

D.2 inner center of temple was the kalyana mandapa 

D.3 leading – three corridors, each ending in a shrine 

D.4 each kind of krishna – Venugopala, Janardana, and Prasanna Keshava 

Key of Abbreviations : 

Exq. – Exquisite

Fig. – Figures 

Comm. – Commissioned 

Summary : Somnath temple is situated in a small village of Somnathpur. It was commissioned by Soma Dandanayaka or Somnath. It was built around 1268 A.D. The temple of Somnath is extraordinary due to the sculptures on the walls, pillars and even the ceiling which are covered by exquisite figures of God and Goddesses. The sculptures have a series of finches on the outer walls. The various motifs are cared elephants, charging horseman and stylized flowers. It had three corridors, each ending in a shrine, one for each version of Krishna – Venugopala, Janardana and Prasanna Keshava. 

 

(Grammar)

3.Attempt the following each sub-part : 

(a) Change the form of narration :                          

(i) “I have read a new novel by R.K. Narayan”, said Monika. 

Monika said that she had read a novel by R.K. Narayan. 

(ii) “Do you wish to open an account”, the manager asked the customer.

The manager asked the customer if he/she wished to open an account. 

(iii) He said,”Bravo! Well done.” 

He applauded by saying that he had done well. 

 

(b) Supply articles wherever necessary :               

(i) There is a swimming pool in our area.

(ii) Air is important for the life to exist.

(iii) Mr. Rao is the Director of the institute. 

      

(c) Fill in the blank with suitable modal auxiliary : 

(i) I am sure that the Principal must be in his room. (might/must) 

(ii) If we request her, she might give a lift.  (must/might) 

(iii) She expects that her son may return. (may/can)

      

(d) Use the correct form of the verb given in the brackets : 

(i) More men than one were absent today.   (was/were) 

(ii) What evidence are these acts?  (is/are) 

(iii) Neither of the two boys has done it.  (has/have) 

 

(e) Change the voice :                                            

(i) I do not know the answer. 

The answer is not known to me. 

(ii) I would like someone to help me.

Someone would be liked by me to help me. 

(iii) The jug contains water. 

Water is contained in the jug. 

 

4. Attempt the following :                                      

(a) Design a poster creating awareness about ‘Cyber Safety’. 

                             ‘CYBER SAFETY’ 

BE CAREFUL ALL THE TIME      

PEOPLE AREN’T ALWAYS 

WHO THEY SAY THEY ARE 

 

Security Tools : 

POP-UP BLOCKER 

WEB BROWSER

FIREWALL 

 

Think Before Posting : 

Is it True? 

Is it Helpful?

 

Block Suspicious ID 

Keep your Apps upto date 

 

Do : Keep your password a secret from EVERYONE even your best friend. 

Don’t : Buy Extras or Add on 

 

                    STAY SECURE ONLINE 

 

(b) You are Rohini/Rohit , the owner of an independent house in D-Block, Sector-6, Panchkula. Draft an advertisement in not more than 50 words for the column ‘To Let’. 

An independent 3-bedroom house in D-Block, Sector-6, Panchkula, with parking facility for two cars, is available for rent. The house is fully furnished and newly decorated. Only families are allowed to contact the owner.

Rohit

 

M- 97********

 

(c) On the occasion of World Book Day, the school has decided to organize a Book Fair. You are Vidushi/Vibhor, the Secretary of the Book Club of your school. Write a notice in not more than 50 words for the school notice board to announce the programme. 

                                      Notice

Model Sanskriti School 

Badhra (Charkhi Dadri) 

15 January 2023 

                                   Book Fair

Model Sanskriti School Badhra (Charkhi Dadri) is organising a book fair on the occasion of World Book Day on April 23, 2023, on the school campus at 10 a.m. The students and teachers are invited to attend the programme. They are also welcome to donate old books to the school library. 

Venue : School Playground 

Timing : 10AM to 2PM

For more information, contact the undersigned at :

Vibhor

 

The Secretary of the Book Club

 

5. Attempt the following :                     

(a) Write a paragraph of about 100 words on ‘Freedom of Speech’. 

Freedom of speech gives people of our country, the freedom to express themselves, to be able to share their ideas, views and opinions openly, where the public and the media can express and comment on any political activities and can also be able to express their dissent towards anything they think is not appropriate.

 

Freedom of speech is the most common and prominent right that every citizen enjoy. Also, it is important because it is essential for the all-over development of the country. Moreover, it gives way to open debates that helps in the discussion of thought and ideas that are essential for the growth of society. Besides, this is the only right that links with all the other rights closely. More importantly, it is essential to express one’s view of his/her view about society and other things. To conclude, we can say that Freedom is not what we think it is. It is a psychological concept everyone has different views on. Similarly, it has a different value for different people. But freedom links with happiness in a broadway.

 

(b) You are Ankit/Ankita. You participated in a career counseling programme organized by ‘Careers’. Write a report of the programme in about 150-200 words. 

               Career Counselling Report

                             By Ankit

New Delhi

20th March 2022

“Careers” organised a career counseling program to help students understand the various fields. On March 20th, an eminent career counseling firm from Delhi visited our school’s auditorium to discuss various fields such as food technology, biometric sciences, nanotechnology, media management, and others.

The program was designed primarily for 12th class students. Initially, our school counselor discussed the values of various fields. The chief counselor of ‘Careers’ spoke to the students about various fields and inquired about their interests and choices in selecting subjects for class 12th. He detailed the future of various fields and subjects covered in college under various fields to the students.

He had one-on-one discussions with the students, and he attempted to understand and resolve their concerns. We were given two forms to fill out at the end of the program: a feedback form and our data forms. The forms were filled out by the students and turned in to the counselor. The session ended at 3 p.m. We discovered a lot about the various streams and their values. I thanked the guest for his helpful advice to the students.

Ankit 

 

Class 12th (Non-Medical) 

 

6. You think that there should be moral education in schools. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper, stressing the need of introducing moral education in schools.                              

240/5

Sector 6

Housing Board Jhajjar-124103

October 21, 2022

The Editor

The Tribune

Chandigarh

Subject : To introduce moral education in schools.

Respected Sir

Through the columns of your reputed newspaper, I want to express my views on the value of moral education in schools. Why do we need moral education in schools as a subject? Do we need moral education in our children’s lives? These are the concerns of society, and people are worried about the changing behaviour of students in today’s life. The respect of teachers and elders is deteriorating day by day. Every day, violent incidents occur in schools.

The teaching of moral education as a subject is required in the syllabus because the students will be required to learn some ethics in their life. In Indian culture, we respect our parents, but unfortunately, the elderly are isolated, and teachers have become passive as they face problems of misbehaviour in the classroom. Hence, the result is the cold attitudes of teachers toward delivering value to students.

Therefore, I want you to publish my concern in your esteemed newspaper so that the government can think about this issue and implement moral education as a compulsory subject in all classes. Thus, I hope you will provide a space in your newspaper for “The Values of Moral Education in Schools.” I expect a positive response from you.

Thanks

Yours Sincerely

 

Mahesh

 

(Main Reader – Prose) 

7. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :                            

This gang of nationally integrated make-up men could turn any decent-looking person into a hideous crimson-hued monster with the help of truck-loads of pancake and several other locally made potions and lotions. Those were the days of mainly indoor shootings and only five percent of the film was shot outdoors. I suppose the sets and studio lights needed the girls and boys  to be made to look ugly in order to look presentable in the movie.  

Questions :  

(i) Name the author of the chapter from which this passage has been taken :  

      (a) Louis Fisher           

      (b) Asokamitran           

      (c) Christopher Silvester    

      (d) A.R.Barton 

    

(ii) What could makeup men do? 

      (a) Change the appearance of a person   

      (b) Cheat any person   

      (c) Teach moral values  

      (d) all of the above        

      

(iii) What is used by makeup men?                 

      (a) Pancakes                                  

      (b) potions                                  

      (c) lotions                                 

      (d) all of these        

      

(iv)  What type of shooting was done mostly in those days?          

      (a) indoor                         

      (b) outdoor                            

      (c) both (a) and (b)                       

      (d) neither (a) and (b)         

      

(v) In those days only ………….. films were shot outdoors.                 

      (a) 1%                                    

      (b) 5%                                         

      (c) 10%                                           

      (d) 20%       

                                                       OR                                          

It was late in December. Darkness was already descending over the forest. This increased the danger, and increased also his gloom and despair. Finally he saw no way out, and he sank down on the ground, tired to death, thinking that his last moment had come. But just as he laid his head on the ground, he heard a sound—a hard, regular thumping. There was no doubt as to what that was. He raised himself. “Those are the hammer strokes from an iron mill,” he thought. “There must be people nearby.” He summoned all his strength, got up, and staggered in the direction of the sound. 

Questions : 

(i) Name the story from which these lines have been taken? 

      (a)The Rattrap   

      (b) The Lost Spring  

      (c) The Interview  

      (d) Going Places 

      

(ii) Name the writer of this passage. 

      (a) Selma Lagerlof  

      (b) Anees Jung  

      (c) William Douglas  

      (d) Alphonse Daudet 

      

(iii) What increased the rattrap’s despair? 

      (a) The darkness 

      (b) the loneliness   

      (c) fear of police  

      (d) fear of wild animals  

      

(iv) What did he hear when he laid his head to the ground? 

      (a) Sound of rain drops  

      (b)  a hard, regular thumping  

      (c) people talking  

      (d) siren of mill 

      

(v) Where did he go after summoning his strength? 

      (a) in the direction of the sound  

      (b) to city  

      (c) to village 

      (d)  None of these  

      

8. How did Douglas come over his fear of water?  

The instructor developed the author’s swimming techniques; “piece by piece, he built a swimmer.” This way, the instructor said, “Now you can swim. Dive off and swim the length of the pool, crawl stroke.” Thus, the instructor was finished. The author was a swimmer, but the fear was not finally ended.

So, it’s now up to the author to figure out if he’s gotten to the point where he can swim without fear. So, he tried on his own in a swimming pool to test his fear, and he confidently declared that the terror of swimming couldn’t scare him. He went to a lake called Wentworth in New Hampshire where he tried swimming the crawl, breaststroke, side stroke, and backstroke. The good thing was that he got frightened only once. He laughed and said, “Well, Mr. Terror, what do you think you can do to me?” At last, he felt released, free to walk the trails, climb the peaks, and brush aside fear. Thus, finally, we learn what Roosevelt said: “All we have to fear is fear itself.”

 

The author himself tells us that the experience of coming out of the water had a deep meaning. Fear of childhood takes time and needs proper training to overcome. In death there is peace. There is terror only in the fear of death, as Roosevelt said, “All we have to fear is fear itself.” The author had experienced both. Therefore, it was very difficult to overcome such fear.                       

                                                   OR               

Write down a brief character sketch of M.Hamel, the narrator’s teacher? 

M. Hamel is an experienced teacher who has taught in the village school for the past forty years. He is a strict teacher, and students like Franz, who are slow learners, are terrified of being punished by him. The order from Berlin compelled him to leave the school forever. He became emotional while he was delivering his last lesson. So, we can say that he became emotional in the end.

His performance in the last lesson was outstanding. He uses a solemn and gentle tone when he is addressing the villagers and students. He has a logical mind and can analyze problems to determine what is causing them.

 

He is aware of a language’s emotional hold on its users. He is an excellent communicator who patiently explains everything. Partings are painful, and M. Hamel, being human, is no exception. He can’t say goodbye because his throat is blocked the last. Overall, he is a patriotic gentleman. 

 

9. Answer the following questions briefly :            

(i) Give an account of the background of Saheb and his fellow rag pickers? 

Saheb-e-Alam was a rag-picker who lived in Seemapuri. His family had migrated from Dhaka, Bangla Desh to India in 1971 with the hope of finding better life conditions. Every morning he roamed about streets collecting garbage. Many other boys also accompanied him. 

(ii) What changes did the order from Berlin cause in the school that day? 

The school and all other things were quiet like Sunday Morning. The whole school seemed very strange and solemn. M. Hamel had put on his finest dress which he wore only on inspection and prize days of school. The Village people came and sat silently on the back benches in school room to thank the teacher for his services that way. 

(iii) Why did the iron-master speak kindly to the peddler and invite him home? 

The ironmaster wanted to help the peddler, not only in regaining his health but also in taking up a new vocation. Moreover, the ironmaster was a lonely fellow who lived with his oldest daughter after the death of his wife and the departure of his sons.  

(iv) What did Franz notice that was unusual for the day in the school? 

That day, Franz noticed the absence of the routine commotion caused by the opening and closing of desks, repeating of lessons in unison and rapping of the teacher’s ruler on the table. The usual hustle-bustle was replaced by a strange stillness that was the characteristic of a school on a ‘Sunday morning’. 

(v) Why was Douglas determined to get over his fear of water? 

William Douglas’ fear of water prevented him from enjoying his fishing trips. He couldn’t enjoy water sports such as canoeing, boating or swimming. So his fear of water had started affecting his other experiences too. Thus, he was determined to get over his fear of water and decided to get an instructor to learn how to swim. 

(vi) What were Sophie’s plan for her future? 

Sophie had rather unrealistic plans for her future. She wanted to own a boutique and have the most amazing shop in the city. She also dreamed of being an actress or a fashion designer. 

 

(Main Reader – Poetry)

10. Read the following passage given below and answer the questions that follow :      

What I want should not be confused 

with total inactivity. 

Life is what it is about; 

I want no truck with death. 

If we were not so single-minded 

about keeping our lives moving, 

and for once could do nothing. 

(i) From which poem have these lines been taken? 

Keeping Quiet 

(ii) Name the poet who has written the above lines.  

Pablo Neruda 

(iii) What does the poet want?     

The poet wants all the humans to sit in silence for some time. He wants them to stop the wars and the activities that damage our environment. He wants people to resort to peace, kindness and humanity as a new approach to life.  

(iv) With whom does the poet want to have no dealing?    

The poet does not want to have any dealing with death. 

(v) Find words from the stanza which mean the same as : 

(a) big – 

(b) misunderstood – confused 

                                           OR                                        

The stunted, ulucky heir 

Of twisted bones, reciting a father’s gnarled disease’  

His lesson ,from his desk. At the back of the dim class 

One unnoted, sweet and young.  

Questions : 

(i)  From which poem have these lines been taken? 

A Elementary School Classroom in Slum. 

(ii) Name the poet who has written the above lines.  

Stephen Spender 

(iii) Who is the unlucky heir? 

The unlucky heir refers to the Little boy. 

(iv) What has he inherited?  

He had inherited a disease of twisted bones from his father along with his poverty. His disease had rendered him disfigured and crooked. Thus, his miserable condition and disease made him an ‘unlucky heir’.  

(v) Who is sitting at the back of the dim class?   

A sweet little fellow was sitting at the back of the dim class unnoticed and unobserved by all. 

 

11. Answer the following questions :                     

(i) List the things that cause suffering and pain. (A Thing of Beauty) 

The poet lists a number of things that cause suffering and pain, such as despondency, depression, unhealthy and wrong ways taken up by humans to acquire their desired goals, etc. The poet also feels that there is a real dearth of noble souls in this world. 

(ii) What symbol from nature does the poet invoke to say that there can be a life under apparent stillness? 

The poet uses the Earth as a symbol to show that there can be life under apparent stillness. The Earth is still at night and also during winter when everything seems dead. However, this stillness does not actually mean death. The Earth is always alive and we can see the signs of life again soon. Thus, the poet says that we should look to the Earth to understand how to keep still and quiet yet remain alive.

(iii) What does the poet say about the polished traffic?  

Here the poet referred the city folk as the polished traffic since they were affluent and move in decent and costly cars. They drove with their eyes fixed forward. If ever anyone looked aside, he felt initiated. He felt troubled on seeing the artless paint done on the building to spoil the mountain landscape. The poet called them mean because they kept the money in their pockets.

 

(Supplementary Reader) 

12. The story is a satire on the conceit of those in power. How does the author employ the literary device of dramatic irony in the story? 

In The Tiger King, Kalki openly criticizes the wealthy for their indifference toward wild animals. The entire story revolves around the tiger king, who is the main protagonist. The title explains the author’s intention. The story is a satire on the arrogance of those in power.

How can a ten-day-old boy take on the tigers? The author explains the astrologer’s flattery of His Highness, the Tiger King, who became king at the age of twenty. To save his life, he begins killing tigers. He was killed not by the tiger but by a nail in a wooden tiger, and he died from a severe infection. In the final paragraph, the author employs dramatic irony.

The Tiger King is killed by a simple, rusted nail, not a tiger. This is a satirical situation used by the author to demonstrate his point that we must respect wild animals or we will be killed by something smaller than the wild animal itself. As a result, The Tiger King is a satire on the arrogance of those in power, as powerful people will go to any length to save their own lives. 

                                                    OR                                        

Why do people visit Antarctica? 

The writer uses the title to explain his or her main ideas, and it must reveal the plot and theme of the chapter. Tishani Doshi, the writer of “Journey to the End of the Earth,” found Antarctica as a white landscape, the “coldest, driest, windiest continent in the world.” It is an isolated and immense continent. “If you want to know more about the planet’s past, present, and future, Antarctica is the place to go and an ideal subject to study as it is related to human existence.”

“Journey to the End of the Earth” explains the planet’s past, present, and future. The programme “Students on Ice” provides an opportunity for the students to learn about the evolution of mankind. Gondwana, a giant southern supercontinent, was established six hundred and fifty million years ago. There were no human beings present on the Gondwana continent. The climate was warmer, and it was rich in “flora and fauna.” It existed for 500 million years when the dinosaurs were wiped out, the age of mammals came into existence, and the present system of the globe took shape. History has always included Antarctica. It explains our founding story and where we are headed in the future.

Hence, the title “Journey to the End of the Earth” is appropriate and suitable for the study of Antarctica. 

                                                                                           

13. Answer the following questions :              

(i) What does the third level refer to? 

The third level signifies an escape from the modern world that is “full of insecurity, fear, war, worry and all the rest of it….” The period of 1890s represents a peaceful life not possible in the present era. From this level, the protagonist wants to travel to Galesburg, Illinois, with his wife Louisa.

(ii) Who was Dr. Sadao? Where was his house? 

Dr. Sadao was a famous surgeon and scientist of Japan. He was a sympathetic man who remained loyal to his profession even in adverse situations. He lived in his ancestral square stone house in Japan which was built upon rocks, above a narrow beach, on the Japanese coast. 

(iii) Will Dr. Sadao be arrested on the charge of harboring an enemy? 

Dr. Sadao, on humanitarian grounds as well as professional grounds, tended a wounded war prisoner which was officially a serious crime. However, he did not get punished for this offence as it was never revealed to anyone, except his wife, loyal but timid servants, and a General who was too self-obsessed with his own treatment that he would never let the doctor leave him.

 

14. Read the following questions and choose the correct option :                                           

(i) People avoid Derry because of : 

      (a) Broken leg 

      (b) A scar on the leg 

      (c) The acid burnt face 

      (d) None of the above 

      

(ii) Who ordered Evans to take off his hat? 

      (a) Jackson          

      (b) Stephens 

      (c) Governor 

      (d) All of the above 

      

(iii)What was the name of the psychiatrist? 

      (a) Louisa 

      (b) Sam 

      (c) William 

      (d) Charley 

 

 

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